Higher Education and the Social Forces in the Job Market

Wednesday, July 16, 2014: 10:30 AM-12:20 PM
Room: F201
RC04 Sociology of Education (host committee)

Language: English

All around the world there is a strong and sustained expansion of higher education, both in enrollment as of graduates. In each country the percentage of people who go through this level of education is increasing. Besides the expansion of tertiary education it is also observed an important diversification process of the study areas, forms and duration of the courses and the types of diplomas and certificates issued. As part of expansion and diversification processes mentioned above, the field of higher education institutions becomes increasingly hierarchical. Significant opposition is generated among the elite institutions and those that open their doors to social groups of more modest origin. Also new degrees of training can be distinguished, with the proliferation of courses and postgraduate diplomas. The strong relationship between schools and the labor market in modern societies is expressed in higher education that has become the safest way to get middle class jobs. However, as well as expanded educational opportunities at tertiary level the demands of the labor market for those middle class jobs also changed. New and different skills are required, new occupations are institutionalized and codified relatively autonomously in the market. Given these movements this session aims to discuss studies focused on the following issues: a. What is the social and economic value of different types of diplomas? b. What are the social processes that link diplomas and professional careers? c. What are the social rules that associate diplomas with procedures for recruitment and promotion in the job market? d. What kind of relationship exists between the courses offered in higher education and the places offered in the labor market? e. In short: what is the place of higher education in the organization of social inequalities in the job market?
Session Organizer:
Maria Ligia BARBOSA, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Expansion Of Higher Education: Demand, Supply and Differentiation Of Universities (Oral Presentation)
David KONSTANTINOVSKIY, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

You Snooze, You Lose? Returns to Interrupted and Delayed College Education in the US (Oral Presentation)
Felix WEISS, Leibniz Institute for Social Sciences, Germany

Returns to Higher Education after the Bologna Process: How Different Are Italian Tertiary Degrees? (Oral Presentation)
Giampiero PASSARETTA, School of Social Sciences, University of Trento, Italy; Eleonora VLACH, University of Trento, Italy

The Universities Collaboration with the Potential Employers As an Instrument for Successful Graduates Employment (Oral Presentation)
Tatiana SEMENOVA, University of Chemical Technology, Russia

Bologna Process in Russia: Common Rules or Inequality Chance? (Oral Presentation)
Liudmila RUSSKIKH, Southern-Ural State University, Russia

European Educational Migrants on the Labour Markets. Europeanised Professionals or Workers of the DDD Sector? (Oral Presentation)
Katarzyna ANDREJUK, Institute of Philosophy and Sociology, Polish Academy of Sciences 525-21-00-471, Poland

Dual Job Market for Universities' Graduates Comparing Educational Paths and Careers of Science and Humanities Graduates (Oral Presentation)
Tomasz ZAJąC, Univeristy of Warsaw, Poland; Mikolaj JASINSKI, Univeristy of Warsaw, Poland