Social Movement in a Changing Sociopolitical Matrix: Chilean Case in the Latin American Context

Monday, 16 July 2018: 16:00
Oral Presentation
Manuel Antonio GARRETON MERINO, University of Chile, Chile
Taking ground on the concept of socio political matrix, that is the relations between State, representatiion system, socio economic basis and cultural orientations all them mediated by political regime, we will examine the role that social movements in Chile, specially student movement, have played in the transformatión of the post dictatorship matrix. For this we will describe the classic matrix of movement and the role that movoments played in it, describing what we call the imbrication beween social movement and politics. After a long period of incomplete democracy, Chile is combining this incomplete democracy with the emergence of a democratic situation, where social processes take predominance over the institutional aspects of regime, which can be called continuous democracy, and this led to the rupture of the imbrication between politics and social actors and movements. In 2011-2012 the social movements took the classical role of political parties defining a new socio historical project that was to end with the post authoritarian society and the political process that followed were oriented in that sense during the period of Bachelet government, but after five years of the movemnts it seems that this change has been stopped. The paper will examine how the components of socio political matrix has evolved and how the relations between social movemnts and politics are redefining themselves. And this will be made in comparison with the general trends of a possble Latin American new socio political matrix and the characteristic of what has been called the recent waves of social movements in the world.