Legitimation in Developing Countries: South Korea and Taiwan during the Late 1940s to Early 1950s
In this context, two East Asian country cases (South Korea and Taiwan) will be examined on their transformational period during the late 1940s to the early 1950s. With a historical institutionalist approach, focus will be put on how Rhee Syngman and Chiang Kai-Shek administrations were able to gain legitimacy even under the periodic settings of US intervention in line with the execution of land reform. The distinct relations among the people, the government, and stationed US institutions (USAMGIK and JCRR) show probable initial conditions of legitimate governance in underdeveloped countries under strong external influence. Hence, this paper intends to contribute by providing alternative explanations in finding determinants for leaders to gain legitimacy, specifically for developing countries where transition large in size and wide in scope such as land reform takes place with the presence of diverse influence from external actors during junctural periods.