Analyzing the Anti-Posco Movement in Odisha Beyond Identity Issues:
A Critical Examination of New Social Movement Theory
The analytical thrust of this paper is the politicization of the movement by various political parties. Engaging the organizational networks, deploying strategies for dis-information/ mis-information campaign to mislead the PAP, using covert coercion tactics for mobilizing PAP, shifting their identity issues, etc were the major strategies of the PPSS backed by CPI. The mobilization process continued in spite of counter mobilizations by another pro-project SMO. This strong hand tactics could be deployed by the SMO and the local solidarity groups because of their political patronage. Hence as a victim of politics of development, POSCO’s mega-project faced closer. This questions here the new social movement theory, as the movement is not found to be based on voluntary collective actions, instead is fomented through a wide network of a national political party and its affiliate CSOs as well as solidarity groups. Further it questions the autonomy of the CSOs which were to play a conscientious role.