Recent Changes of Higher Education in Brazil
In this direction, certain aspects regarding the current structure of Brazilian higher education will be approached, such as: (i) late emergence of higher education in Brazil: (ii) expansion and institutional heterogeneity of the system; (iii) aspects of higher education financing in Brazil; (v) development of the national graduate system; (vi) policies of inclusion and social justice; (vii) challenges to be faced.
The paper aims to highlight that despite the recent expansion of institutions and enrollment in undergraduate courses, the higher education system remains exclusive to a significant part of the Brazilian population. It also wishes to point out that the lack of financial and administrative autonomy of federal universities constitutes a serious obstacle to enhancing higher education in the country. The work will seek to provide data on terciary education in Brazil, in order to compare to the structure and challenges of higher education systems in other BRIC countries, with the aim of creating a BRICs Network University.