Social Justice in National Contexts: Neoliberalism and Youth Fortunes in the Brics Countries
The specific issues of justice that pertain to each country’s conditions poses an important question of whether justice can be understood in universal terms. Contemporary sociology is quite positive that such an agenda exists.
The policies of commercialization affect most countries that are integral parts of the global system. These policies encroach on reproduction. The more commercialized is the system of education, the more inequality it generates in each society.
The agenda of justice is the highest in the youth cohorts. Education undergoes dramatic change with a rising gap between elite and average credentials. Careers that young people often dream of are frequently thwarted by precarity that plagues modern labor markets. Inequality is often regarded by young people as a societal challenge and is universally treated as a violation of the justice principles. It is not accidental that in Russia in 2011 or 2017 it is the young people that came out into the streets demanding a more just system and a change in policies. The agenda of justice acquires new relevance as the new generation meets with opportunities and limitations, both local and global.