The Invisible Shift. Outsourcing, Private Actors, and the Markets of Migration Control. Insights from Spain.
The objective of this paper is to describe and analyze these migration control markets (and the dynamics and practices of outsourcing) in the Spanish case. Inspired by the migration industry literature (Hernández-León, 2013) and the concept of migration markets (Gammeltoft-Hansen and Nyberg-Sorensen, 2013) the paper introduces a typology and characterization of the markets of migration control. The migration control market can be considered an analytic instrument to characterize and explain the logics -and scope- of the involvement of private actors in this area of the migration policy.
The Spanish case analysis is based in primary sources and in-depth interviews with public and private actors in the framework of MIND Project, revealing how complex and dynamic migration control governance has become.