Labor Force Markets and Migration Policies: Open Markets but Controlled Migration?
In our contemporary world, most regions have open markets for goods but not for people. While goods can flow almost freely to many corners of this world, people cannot, although there have been exceptions. The Schengen region in Europe is to some extent one of them.
In other cases like the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) between The United States, Mexico and Canada, it was made clear from the very beginning that many goods could flow freely while people could not, however Mexican migrants went for millions to the United States after 1994 when the agreement was signed, and at least half of them are still undocumented.
Free markets and free movement of people? or free markets but controlled migration?
What are the limitations, conditions, circumstances or events that are at the root of these policy decisions?; what are some consequences in each case?
One purpose in this session is to discuss at the light of country-specific examples some of the problems involved as well as the socioeconomic contexts that promote or impulse different policy decisions.