Human Trafficking in Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine
GfK Ukraine conducted 5 waves of nationally representative surveys in Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine in 2006, 2008, 2011, 2015 and 2017 on labour migration and human trafficking for IOM. In 2006-2015 the studies showed the following trends:
- the positive trend in Moldova where in 2006-2011 the trend of increasing of illegal labour migration and trafficking rates was observed while in 2015 it changed into a positive trend of decreasing of the number of illegal labour migrants after the introduction of visa-free regime with EU in 2014.
- the negative trend in Ukraine where the trend of increasing of illegal labour migration and trafficking rates is observed in 2015 as a result of military conflict in Donbas and crisis in the economy.
The paper will explore the results of the survey conducted in 2017 to understand the extent, dimensions, causes and consequences of human trafficking in three countries, to explore migration-trafficking-risks awareness nexus and to develop gender sensitive recommendations for increasing of awareness of the risk of human trafficking in particular situations.