Differential Impacts of Disasters By Gender and Generation
Disasters have different impacts on gender and generations. For example after the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011, it was observed that younger women had a harder time to find jobs as a regular employee in the Tohoku urban area. The accident at the Fukushima No.1 Nuclear Power Plant caused different perceptions of risk between men and women, and between younger and older generations. The opinions to decommission all nuclear reactors has received greater support from women than men. Voluntary evacuations were preferred by mothers with children than by fathers. Elderly family members showed a greater disposition to return home which was once designated as “residence restricted area” while the younger generation with children have decided not to return.
In this session, we would like to focus on the differential impacts of disasters by gender and generations across the globe, and discuss measures to bridge the gaps to support groups which are particularly vulnerable after a disaster.