All-Volunteer Forces, Recruitment and Conscription II

Wednesday, 18 July 2018: 10:30-12:20
RC01 Armed Forces and Conflict Resolution (host committee)

Language: English

The shift to the all-volunteer force has produced many challenges to the armed forces. One of the main challenges has been the willingness of persons to enlist. This has impacted on recruitment and retention and whether there should not be a reconsideration of some form of conscription given the security situation in Europe. The problem of finding enough volunteers to serve in the armed forces, coupled with the financial pressures facing and the changed security situation pose a particular challenge to armed forces. For this session, the following questions are important: How successful is the recruitment of military personnel? How successful is the retention? Does the change security situation influence this? Are demographic changes influences recruitment and retention? Should countries consider the return to conscription?
Session Organizer:
Johan OSTERBERG, Swedish Defense University, Sweden
Emma JONSSON, Swedish Defence University, Sweden
Oral Presentations
The Reintroduction of Conscription in Lithuania: Society‘s and Youth Attitude Towards State Defense and Military Service
Aušra POCIENĖ, The General Jonas Žemaitis Military Academy of Lithuania, Lithuania
Saying No to Military Service - Obligation, Killing and Inequality As Experienced Problems in Conscription Army
Jarkko KOSONEN, Finnish National Defence University, Finland; Alisa PUUSTINEN, Finnish National Defence University, Finland
The Risk Factors of Attrition Among Estonian Conscripts
Kairi KASEARU, University of Tartu, Estonia; Tiia-Triin TRUUSA, University of Tartu, Estonia