Paradoxes of Inequality: Higher Education, Minorities, and Job Market

Thursday, 19 July 2018: 15:30-17:20
RC04 Sociology of Education (host committee)

Language: English

Higher education has been an important area of social disputes. Higher education functions as a basis for academic and social learning and for hierarchization in the labor market. Sociological research has shown evidence of differentiation - horizontal inequalities - according to careers, institutions, modalities of courses and types of certificates. In several countries, these inequalities strongly affect women, the poorest groups, and ethnic minorities. Over the last decades and years there has been a significant increase in enrollment in higher education, allowing the entry of these previously excluded groups. This opening of the system enables women and minorities to be better qualified. At the same time, it increases the availability of skilled labor with possible reductions in incomes, for example. On the other hand, these groups may be historically discriminated against in some societies.

The questions are then: to what extent has the incorporation of these groups (women, the poor, minorities) into the higher education system contributed to increasing equal opportunities in the labor market? Is there evidence of a change in patterns of social inequality, inequality among occupational groups? How does the higher education system itself contribute to the change in these patterns of inequality?

This session will preferably discuss empirical studies that attempt to analyze the transitions from the education system to the labor market.

Session Organizer:
Maria Ligia BARBOSA, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Ekaterina POPOVA, Institute of Sociology of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the RAS, Russian Federation
Oral Presentations
Stratification in Higher Education and Labor Market Returns
Andre VIEIRA, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Does the Expansion of Higher Education Reduce Gender Inequality in the Labour Market? Evidence from a Multilevel Analysis of Urban China
Jin JIANG, Lingnan University, Hong Kong; Jiwei QIAN, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Second-Generation Immigrants and Higher Education: The Italian Case Study
Alessandro BOZZETTI, University of Bologna, Italy
Does Ethnic Social Capital Lead to Mobility? Turkish Belgian Women’s Educational and Occupational Mobility
Sinem YILMAZ, Ghent University, Belgium; Bart VAN DE PUTTE, Ghent University, Belgium; Peter STEVENS, University of Ghent, Belgium
Distributed Papers
Tertiary Education and Labour Market: Towards Ontological Inequality
Ekaterina POPOVA, Institute of Sociology of the Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Federation
International Students’ Study-to-Work Transitions
Rolle ALHO, University of Helsinki, Finland