Strengthening Working Families in Western and Non-Western Societies: Effective Policies and Programs

Thursday, 19 July 2018: 15:30-17:20
RC06 Family Research (host committee)

Language: English

Families in which both parents work are becoming the norm in both Western and non-Western countries. Moreover, single parent working families are also on the rise.  However, in many societies around the globe, social policies to support work-family reconciliation, have not kept pace with the changes in labor markets and families. In the absence of supportive policies, current trends in workplaces and in families often lead to considerable conflicts and stress for individuals who are in the labor force and their families. At times, this stress even leads to emotional, psychological, and / or physical violence. Some societies, specifically in Europe and Asia, have consciously embraced fundamental family and work transformations and have implemented policies and programs that support both individuals and employers. These policies and programs have led to better couple and parenting relationships, and in general, to healthier, stronger family lives. However, in many places, including across much of the United States, policies that support working families are rare, and if they do exist, are not available to all citizens.

Research also indicates that gender is a primary factor in implementing policies and programs related to work-family reconciliation:  the negotiation of work-family issues, especially with respect to informal caretaking needs, often varies between men and women, again depending on the cultural norms of the society and even of specific communities. However a scholarly focus primarily on Western societies, has resulted in policy recommendations that are primarily appropriate for those contexts.  This session will examine all of these issues.

Session Organizers:
Bahira TRASK, University of Delaware, USA and Rosario ESTEINOU, Centro de Investigaciones y Estudios Superiores en Antropología Social, Mexico
Mark HUTTER, Rowan University, USA
Oral Presentations
Work-Family Reconciliation in Global Contexts
Virginia SAWYER, University of Delaware, USA; Bahira TRASK, University of Delaware, USA; Barbara SETTLES, University of Delaware, USA
An Examination of a New Parental Leave Policy in the UK: Findings from a Survey with Expectant Parents
Katherine TWAMLEY, University College London, United Kingdom; Pia SCHOBER, University of Tübingen, Germany
Family Policies in Double Earner Families in Mexico
Rosario ESTEINOU, Centro de Investigaciones y Estudios Superiores en Antropología Social, Mexico; Rene MILLAN, Instituto de Investigaciones Sociales, UNAM, Mexico
Parental Leave for Fathers to Strengthen Families: Trailblazing Sweden and Japan; Reluctant Ireland and USA
Rudy SEWARD, University of North Texas, USA; Michael RUSH, University College Dublin, Ireland
Equal Rights to Earn and Care- the Case of Iceland
Gudny EYDAL, University of Iceland, Iceland; Ingolfur GISLASON, University of Iceland, Iceland
Distributed Papers
The Effects of Parental Leave Policies on Second Birth Recuperation: A Comparison of the Czech and Slovak Populations
Anna STASTNA, Department of Demography and Geodemography, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Czech Republic; Jirina KOCOURKOVA, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Czech Republic; Branislav SPROCHA, Demographic Research, Centre INFOSTAT, Slovakia
Activation Policies and Job Quality Among Lone Mothers in the UK
Amanda SHEELY, London School of Economics and Political Science, United Kingdom; Kate SUMMERS, London School of Economics and Political Science, United Kingdom
Partnerhood and Parenthood Among Poor Families and Social Policies in Salvador, Brazil
Cristina GOMES, Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, FLACSO Mexico, Mexico
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