The Income Inequality In Mexico: Dynamics At The End Of XX Century

Tuesday, July 15, 2014: 4:30 PM
Room: 424
Oral Presentation
Ana Patricia SOSA , Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de Mexico, Mexico
The Income Inequality in Mexico: Dynamics at the end of XX Century

The purpose of this study is to analyze the evolution of the income inequality in Mexico considering two elements: the dynamic of labor income and wage and the general productivity in the economy. I consider that is important to contrast the level of income inequality and the structural conditions which produce macroeconomic instability, the slumps of economics and the inflation. The income inequality in Mexico is part of the socioeconomic historic unequal.

 After the reduction in inequality during the 1960’s and 1970’s, the exhaustion of the regime of accumulation by substitution of imports, and the crisis of the bureaucratic-corporative regulation, were reflected in a greater concentration of income, accompanied by structural heterogeneity, technological inequality and difference in the degree of economic and social development in the diverse territories of the country. The market reforms of the 1980’s and early 1990’s worsened inequality. Start to change the unequal in recent years but the poverty has not decreased.