The Effect of Environmental Education at School and Home on How Students Behave Towards the Natural Environment in Japan
The analysis of the results indicates the important factor that effects on the pro-environmental behaviors of students: It was their perception of the contributions their parents made to address environmental challenges, instead of the actual contributions or behavior of the parents. The pro-environmental behavior that parents took had a mediating effect on the way students’ perception on their parental contributions to the environment. The results also indicate that experience-based environmental education, such as related volunteering activities at school, promoted students’ pro-environmental behavior significantly more than classroom-based environmental education that focused on knowledge creation. However, classroom-based environmental knowledge creation remains critical because it provides an opportunity to influence pro-environmental behavior through the discoveries and the surprises by learning.