“Growing Old Today in Mexico” Public Policies Regarding Social Security in the Growing Old Process and in Old Age.

Wednesday, 18 July 2018: 16:30
Oral Presentation
Leticia TREVIÑO, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico
The social security concept is a social construct, accepted as a human right in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, emitted by the United Nations Organization. This concept exemplifies the transformation that occurs with the knowledge construction.

Social security is a complex system, with subsystems that aim toward protecting the related risks or contingencies: health, old age, unemployment, labor risks, death, etc. The subsystems define each other and impact each other. Social security is influenced by the environment and influences the environment, and this occurs in a cyclical dynamic, allowing a constant adaptation regarding the social macro-system. An example of this is the correlation that exists between the health and old age subsystems. Life expectancy has increased thanks to the new knowledge that we have in the health subsystem, and has impacted the old age subsystem, generating new challenges that can become problems, this are not necessarily recognized by individuals due to their particular levels of reflexibility.

In this work we summarize the cognitive trajectories of mexicans between 35 and 60 years of age, concerning social security and old age welfare. The theoretical framework was established as a sociocybernetics system based in Beck’s global risk theory, in Bourdieu’s capital theory, and in Piaget’s genetic epistemology theory. The observables were cybernetically processed in the Amozurrutia’s SIAS system. The results show that mexicans have a scarce perception for anticipated old age risk planning such as health and income, risks that will eventually reach them.

Today the prevention is an axis in Mexico’s health and retirement public policies, non the less, in mexican educational system, children are not educated in regards to social security and in regards to planning their long term health and income. We consider that Piaget’s genetic epistemology might aid in creating new educational public policies, with a sociocybernetics approach.