Towards a Holistic Understanding of the Prevention of Violent Radicalisation in Europe

Wednesday, 18 July 2018: 18:30
Oral Presentation
Dominic KUDLACEK, Criminological Research Institute of Lower Saxony, Germany
Laura TRESKOW, Criminological Research Institute of Lower Saxony, Germany
The presentation delivers results from a critical review of existing prevention projects and programmes in Europe. This comprehensive review will raise awareness of which tools/measures practitioners require in order to better enable their ability to tackle radicalisation. Results indicate that a vast majority of the programs analysed within this review share a similar framework. Efforts often involve ‘softer’ preventive measures such as community driven projects, mentoring schemes and community partnerships. These counter-radicalisation efforts demonstrate a shift away from the terrorists themselves and focus more on community engagement and community empowerment. However, evaluations giving insight into the effectivity of such measures are largely inadequate. Furthermore, counter-measures that are often suggested in policies and programmes are sometimes not addressed in reality.

It is recommended that existing prevention mechanisms should be strengthened and personalized for different populations. Projects and programmes should utilise a ‘bottom up’ approach and build networks and relationships with key players from local communities. Such de-radicalisation measures should not only be put in place for communities but also for individuals at different stages of the radicalisation process.