Social Control and Safety: Challenges for a New Model of Security
The world panorama in the 21st century is marked by world social issues and the global cities indeed are very multiple in their use of the space. The social issue has turned into more complex since several dimensions of social life have come to be collectively questioned, among them that of social relations in urban spaces.
A new age of social conflicts is taking shape in late modern societies. The social interaction is configured by violent mode of sociability, inverting the expectations of the civilising process and the hopes of a promising school. Social fragmentation processes increasingly threaten social integration processes, to an extreme degree involving a narcissistic solitude.
Latin American societies have accepted violence as the ongoing social practice, as there are everyday examples of violence in cities - drug and firearm trafficking, crimes by hired killers, extermination groups, police brutality and violence against women and children. As a result, the violent act becomes a “normal” means for society to meet ends in an interpersonal conflict, to obtain some wished material good, or to impose command over one. The notion of "lacerated citizenship" it evokes the laceration of body and flesh and the increasing expression of physical violence in society. This leads us to identify a great paradox: despite the democratic political regime, authoritarianism is part of social life. How to imagine a new mode of safety beyond violence and modelled by peace values?