Boomerang Effect of Proxy Warfare: Terror, Social Disturbance, and the Rise of Neo-Nationalism in the Core

Wednesday, 18 July 2018: 20:15
Oral Presentation
Hatice ORHON OZDAG, Beykent University, Turkey
Within the political battleground of Middle East, which has vast variety of ethnicities and sects, proxy warfare is used as a means of rearrangement, especially just after the Arab Uprisings, for the sake of the interests of the core states. Though it has been used during the Cold War, as a result of the substitution of the religious-ethnic splits in place of the ideological splits, proxy warfare emerged as a more suitable form of war for the core states.

For the organizational structures of these religious, ethnic, and sectarian groups are loose and for most of these are dependent on economic rent, as a result of frequent changes of conditions within the region, these manipulated groups easily run out of the control of the core states, or whoever manipulate or control them.

However, apart from the effects of proxy warfare over the deepening of ethnic and sectarian splits, it affects directly the states that appeal to this form of war. It would be reasonable to classify these effects as follows: (i) terrorist attacks organized by proxy organizations may lead to lose of lives and create a fear atmosphere (ii) in the core the increase of migration from the destabilized regions to the core states; (iii) as a result of these migration, in the core states, which has already been adversely affected by economic crises, recession and labor demand increases; (iv) within the migration-receiving regions, terrorist attacks organized by proxy organization or the change of social fabric, together with the economic distress, cements xenophobia; (v) as a result of these changes, the social adaptation of the immigrants become more and more difficult, and (vi) within the political environment of the core states, the racist or neo-nationalist movements and political parties become stronger gradually.