Italy at the Border of Humanitarian and Political Responsibility in the Crisis Migration
On one hand, the rising of neo-nationalism in numerous European countries explains limits of taking a common management system of refugees´ inclusion into the labour market. Foreign policy is led by single national European country, and cases of occasionally “closing borders” between Austria-Italy, France-Italy and Hungary-Austria has appeared in the last two years. On the other hand, crossing the Mediterranean sea keeps being the heading (but the most dangerous) way to reach Europe, while international and Italian associations are the main actors to provide assistance, at the first stage, and attempt to insert effective skilled refugees into the labour market afterwards.
To this extend, my contribution sheds light on how different approaches are engaged in including skilled refugees into the labour market, by comparing two cases applied in Central Italy, in Emilia Romagna region and in the North, within the Autonomous Province of Trento. In the former, “VESTA” project is an innovative, scaled and decentralized approach, led by a private social cooperative, which is engaged on the recognition of refugees´human and cultural capital into the labour market. While, in the latter, the Public Labour Agency takes centralized directions to insert skilled refugees through labour voucher and training into its own local market.