Spatial Inequalities: The Space-Set Approach. Measuring and Explaining Individual Differences of Geographical Mobility in France, Italy and Germany
This paper introduces a concept – the ‘space-set’ – to answer such questions through survey research. A space-set is formed by all meaningful places that individuals experience over their lifecourse (Recchi 2015, 150-153). I examine two significant objective (size and range) and one subjective characteristic (emotional focus or centralization) of space-sets in three comparative surveys (France: ELIPSS panel, 2016; Italy: Doxa Mobilità survey, 2015; Germany: GESIS Panel, forthcoming) through a mixed map-and-questions instrument.
Preliminary results for France and Italy show that international mobility is stratified along class, education, age and, more surprisingly, gender lines in both countries. However, international travelling is a stronger correlate of higher education in France, presumably qualifying it as an additional instrument of social distinction. Correspondingly, a larger proportion of the French have polycentric and uprooted space-sets, which in turn may facilitate more globalized life choices.
Deutschmann, E. (2016) ‘The Spatial Structure of Transnational Human Activity’, Social Science Research, 59, 120-136.
Recchi, E. (2015) Mobile Europe: The Theory and Practice of Free Movement in the EU, Palgrave, Basingstoke.