The Knowledge Society and the Brics: Economic and Social Implications

Monday, 11 July 2016: 16:00-17:30
Location: Hörsaal 47 (Main Building)
RC23 Sociology of Science and Technology (host committee)

Language: English

We have been witnessing significant changes in the global economic scenario, facilitated by the spread of information and communication technologies (ICTs), as well as other new technologies like biotechnology and nanotechnology. Innovation is closely associated with technologically-led economic growth. Those changes imposed new basis for economic growth and development, with significant social-economic implications.
This global trend is evidenced by the growing importance of knowledge- and technology-intensive (KTI) services (production of software, deployment and management of networks, data processing, consulting, among others) and manufacturing industries, which comprised about 30 percent of the world gross domestic product (GDP) in 2011. As science, technology and innovation became an integral factor of economic growth and development, global R&D expenditures have grown faster than global GDP: from an estimated US$522 billion in 1996, to approximately US$ 1.435 billion in 2011 (Science and Engineering Indicators, 2014). 
BRICS’s governments (Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, China and South Africa) have set out to build a more knowledge-intensive economy to ensure their competitiveness. These policies, among others, include long-term investments in higher education to develop human talent, support for research and development, incentives to promote the relationship between university and firms, in order to stimulate innovation, incentives to the development of innovative micro-, small and medium-size enterprises (MSMEs). 
These are some of the issues to be discussed by researchers from the BRICS countries, examining the phenomena pointed out above and the way their societies are reacting and being affected by the new challenges.
Session Organizer:
Sonia GUIMARAES, Federal University do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Brics's Countries in the Webometrics Ranking of World Universities
Margarita BERSHADSKAYA, Research University - Higher School of Economics, Russia; Yulia VOZNESENSKAYA, Modern University for the Humanities, Russia
Labor Practices and Expectations of the Russian Young Scientists and Innovators
Galina GVOZDEVA, Institute of Economics & Industrial Engineering, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia; Elena GVOZDEVA, Institute of Economics & Industrial Engineering, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia
Building the Knowledge Society through Digital India Programme
Vinod CHANDRA, J N P G College, Lucknow University, India
Adaptive Strategies of Russian Scientists in the Era of Reforms
Anatoly ABLAZHEY, Novosibirsk State University, Russia; Vladimir PETROV, Novosibirsk State University, Philosophy Department, Russia
China's New Strategy of “Internet Plus” and Its Social Impacts
Xiaohua ZHONG, Department of Sociology, Tongji University, China; Shuqin ZHOU, Institute of Social Development, Nanjing Association of Social Science, China